Mon, 8 August 2016
Warning Signs of Daycare Abuse
Listen to your kids and take them seriously if they tell you something about daycare that makes them uncomfortable. Some children can't or do not want to talk about these things, but there are other cues to watch for that could indicate a problem at daycare.
- Things to look for that could indicate daycare abuse:
- Changes in behaviour or extreme mood swings.
- Changes in bed-wetting, nightmares, fear of going to bed, or other sleep disturbances.
- Acting out inappropriate sexual activity or showing an unusual interest in sexual matters.
- Sudden acting out of feelings, or aggressive or rebellious behaviour.
- Regression to infantile behaviour or clinging.
- School problems, behaviour problems.
- Changes in toilet-training habits.
- Fear of certain places, people, or activities; an excessive fear of going to the day care facility.
Physical Abuse in Daycares
- Unexplained bruises and welts on the face, throat, upper arms, buttocks, thighs or lower back in unusual patterns or shapes which suggests the use of an instrument (belt buckle, electric cord) on an infant in various stages of healing that are seen after absences, weekends, or vacations.
- Unexplained burns, cigarette burns, especially burns found on palms, soles of feet, abdomen, buttocks; immersion burns producing "stocking" or "glove" marks on hands and feet; "doughnut shaped" on buttocks or genital area.
- Rope burns.
- Infected burns indicating delay in treatment; burns in the shape of common household utensils or appliances.
- Behavioural extremes (withdrawal, aggression, regression, depression).
- Inappropriate or excessive fear of parent or caretaker.
- Antisocial behaviour such as substance abuse, truancy, running away, fear of going home.
- Unbelievable or inconsistent explanation for injuries.
- Lies unusually still while surveying surroundings (for infants).
- Unusual shyness, wariness of physical contact.
Sexual Abuse in Daycares
- Torn, stained or bloody underclothes.
- Frequent, unexplained sore throats, yeast or urinary infections.
- Somatic complaints, including pain and irritation of the genitals.
- Sexually transmitted diseases.
- Bruises or bleeding from external genitalia, vagina or anal region.
- The victim's disclosure of sexual abuse.
- Regressive behaviours (thumb-sucking, bedwetting, fear of the dark).
- Promiscuity or seductive behaviours.
- Disturbed sleep patterns (recurrent nightmares).
- Unusual and age-inappropriate interest in sexual matters.
- Avoidance of undressing or wearing extra layers of clothes.
- Sudden decline in school performance, truancy.
- Difficulty in walking or sitting.
Mental or Emotional Abuse at Daycare
- Eating disorders, including obesity or anorexia.
- Speech disorders (stuttering, stammering).
- Developmental delays in the acquisition of speech or motor skills.
- Weight or height level substantially below norm.
- Flat or bald spots on head (infants).
- Nervous disorders (rashes, hives, facial tics, stomach aches).
- Habit disorders (biting, rocking, head-banging).
- Cruel behaviour, seeming to get pleasure from hurting children, adults or animals; seeming to get pleasure from being mistreated.
- Age-inappropriate behaviours (bedwetting, wetting, soiling).
- Behavioural extremes, such as overly compliant-demanding; withdrawn-aggressive; listless-excitable.
Article from: Daycareabuse.com
Wed, 1 June 2016
Studies show that pets can be valuable in the life of a developing child. Children with pets tend to be more compassionate, self-confident and responsible, and are greater achievers. Before deciding on a pet, you need to weigh the practical pros and cons of keeping a pet. It is a huge responsibility and depending on the age of your child, you may have to assume most of that responsibility.
Once you’ve made the decision to keep a pet, you need to decide what type of pet to keep. Some pets take up more time than others and some will be more appropriate for your child’s age group than others. Also do some research on how much time and care different animals require. With all this information at hand, you will be able to make an informed decision about what type of pet to get. Of course, your child may have a specific animal in mind already. But if his choice will not be suitable for you, then you need to be truthful with him and explain this to him and perhaps offer an alternative.
Birds and fish are ideal for little children. Because they are always moving, they help children to develop visual skills. From the age of four, children can be taught how to handle a pet under adult supervision. Guinea pigs are great for pre-schoolers. They like to be held, seldom bite and whistle when excited or happy. Like guinea pigs, kittens also bond strongly with children. From the age of six, your child should be strong enough to control an energetic puppy. Rabbits are more suitable for older children as females can be aggressive. Preferably get a male rabbit and have him sterilised. Alternative pets such as lizards, frogs and snakes are becoming more popular. Ensure you have taken safety considerations into account.
Some safety considerations
• Ensure that you have the time, space and energy to look after a pet.
• Babies are not able to interact meaningfully with pets. Toddlers may pull tails, eat pet food or put their hands in fish tanks and cages. Supervise pets and children closely, especially when they interact with each other.
• Keep pet food and litter out of your child’s reach.
• Ensure that children wash their hands after animal interactions and before they eat.
• Be aware of allergies. Many children are allergic to cats.
• Small children often drown in fishponds. Install wire mesh over your fishpond.
• If you already have a pet, a new baby can be a threat to it. Get your pet accustomed to the new baby gradually.
• Most children who sustain dog bites are bitten by their own dog or another familiar dog. Animal behaviour is unpredictable. Always supervise children near dogs and other animals.
Specially written for www.babiesonline.co.za by Sara Essop
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